Hereditary diseases are diseases caused by chromosomal and gene mutations. Some confuse hereditary diseases with congenital diseases. Indeed, congenital diseases, that is, diseases with which a child is born, may be hereditary, but they can also be caused by any damaging external influence on the embryo or fetus – an infection, ionizing radiation, a toxic substance. On the other hand, not all hereditary diseases are congenital, as some of them may occur later, even in an adult. Continue reading
Unusual Diseases: Stone Man Syndrome
The stone man’s syndrome in medicine is called progressive ossifying fibrodysplasia, or Müncheimer’s disease. This is a genetic pathology that is caused by a mutation of the gene responsible for bone formation. Its essence lies in the fact that the patient ligaments and muscles turn into bones, as a result, a person ossifies or stiffens. Hence the name – stone man syndrome.
This disease is known since the end of the XVII century, then it was first described. The disease is extremely rare. Now, according to various sources, there are 600, 800 or 2500 patients in the world. Continue reading
Unusual Diseases: Hermaphroditism
What it is?
This sexual pathology implies the presence of both male and female sexual characteristics in humans. The name she received on behalf of the son of Aphrodite and Hermes. He was so beautiful that one of the nymphs asked the gods to connect her with a young man forever, and Hermaphrodite turned into a bisexual creature. Continue reading